Republic of Iraq
Motto: الله أكبر (Arabic)
|Federal Parliamentary Republic|
|President||Avatar the Great|
|Currency||Iraqi Dinar (IQD)|
Iraq is a country in Western Asia. The country borders Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west. The southern part of Iraq is within the Arabian Peninsula.
The capital, Baghdad, is in the centre of the country and its largest city. Iraq has a narrow section of coastline on the northern Persian Gulf and its territory encompasses the Mesopotamian Alluvial Plain, the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, and the eastern part of the Syrian Desert.
Two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run south through the centre of Iraq and flow into the Shatt al-Arab near the Persian Gulf. These rivers provide Iraq with significant amounts of fertile land.
History - Summary
The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers is often referred to as Mesopotamia is the world's oldest civilization. It is here that mankind first began to read, write, create laws, and live in cities under an organized government.
The area has been home to continuous successive civilizations since the 6th millennium BC. At different periods in its history, Iraq was the center of the indigenous Akkadian, Sumerian, Assyrian, and Babylonian empires.
It was also part of the Median, Achaemenid, Hellenistic, Parthian, Sassanid, Roman, Rashidun, Umayyad, Abbasid, Mongol, Safavid, Afsharid, and Ottoman empires, and under British control as a League of Nations mandate.
Government and Politics
The federal government of Iraq is defined under the current Constitution as a democratic, federal parliamentary Islamic republic.
Main Political Parties
Union Party (formerly Gaza)
Wars and Alliances
Iraq is remaining a neutral country and currently has no alliances.